10 Things to Know About Dental Cavities

Dental cavities

Everything about Dental Cavities

Cavities, dental caries, or tooth decay are damaged parts on the tooth’s surface. They can progress and turn into holes, causing toothache, severe dental problems, or even tooth loss. Accumulation of bacteria and plaque build-up leads to the destruction of the outer layer of the tooth, known as enamel, due to the production of harmful acids.

Dental caries are an almost common concern because if left untreated, they can develop into deeper layers of the tooth and endanger oral and overall health. Adherence to a proper diet, limitations of sugar consumption, good oral hygiene, and regular dental check-ups are recommended to prevent dental issues. Experience the highest standard of dental treatment at Smile Point Dental, recognized as the best dentist in Oakville. Your smile is their priority, and they strive to deliver exceptional care with every visit.”

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Reasons for the Development of Cavities

Cavities emergency due to several reasons, including:

  • Poor Oral Hygiene:  Plaque is a hardened sticky film of microorganisms that can accumulate on teeth because of inadequate or improper brushing and flossing. Acids produced by Plaque cause tooth enamel erosion, contributing to dental caries.
  • Too much sugar intake: Sugary foods can create a proper environment for plaque build-up, which leads to more acid production. Regular consumption of food and drinks which contain sugar increases the likelihood of tooth decay.
  • Acidic Drinks: Acidic drinks such as sodas and fruit juices can erode tooth enamel. With a weakened enamel, the teeth are more vulnerable to cavities.
  • Dry mouth: Decreased saliva flow often caused by drugs or specific medical conditions. Saliva is significant for balancing acidity and preventing bacteria growth.
  • Insufficient fluoride: Not using enough fluoride through dental care products, such as toothpaste or drinking water, weakens the enamel.
  • Genetic factors: The structure and composition of the teeth can be affected by genetics, which makes the tooth more susceptible to dental caries.
  • Age: Both children and adults can experience cavities. However, children with developing teeth and older adults with gum recession might be more vulnerable to tooth decay.

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Types of Dental Caries

Cavities can appear in various forms.

  • Coronal carries: they impact on the smooth surfaces between the teeth.
  • Root carries: More common in older people and occurs at the roots of the teeth.
  • Pits and fissure cavities: They form in the chewing surface of molars.
  • Recurrent cavities:  This type develops around existing dental fillings or restorations.
  • Initial carries: They haven’t completely penetrated the enamel. They can be reversed with proper care.
  • Rampant cavities: other teeth are influenced by these quickly spread cavities.

Signs of a Tooth Decay!

Rvities can be accompanied by various signs. Patients often report chronic toothache, chewing challenges, and increased sensitivity to hot, cold, or sweet foods. It’s normal to observe visible signs like holes, pits, and discoloration that appear as white, brown, and black spots. Bad breath, sore gums, and swelling or pus may indicate a cavity. Experiencing an unpleasant or metallic taste in the mouth is reported in some cases.

Cavity prevention

One of the most significant factors in maintaining oral health is preventing caries. Plaques can be efficiently removed by brushing with fluoride toothpaste and flossing two times per day. Also, if sugar consumption in foods and drinks is reduced, the accumulation of bacteria in the gum line and, subsequently, the production of acid, which is the most crucial cause of caries, will be limited.

Read More: Gum Disease Therapy in Oakville

Overall, dental health is supported by a proper diet, including fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Staying hydrated is also advised because it helps eliminate acids and bacteria. There are other helpful options, such as chewing sugar-free gum, which increases saliva and prevents tooth decay.

Regular dental visits, using products with fluoride, and avoiding smoking also impact maintaining oral health and preventing tooth decay.

Doctor Consultation

Smile Point Dental Clinic in Oakville to schedule an appointment and discuss your concerns with our experienced team.


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Treatment Methods for Dental Caries

The treatment plans for cavities vary based on each individual’s needs and conditions.

Common cavity treatments include:

  1. Dental fillings: The dentist removes the damaged area and fills the cavity with composite resin or amalgam.
  2. Dental crowns: a dental crown might be inserted for teeth with more extensive decay. It can restore the appearance and functionality of the affected tooth.
  3. Endodontic therapy: If decay reaches the tooth pulp, a root canal is required to prevent the infection from spreading.
  4. Sealants: Dental sealants are protective coatings applied to the chewing surface of molars in the spots that are difficult to reach.
  5. Extraction: A tooth may need to be extracted if it is seriously damaged.

Read More: Tooth Extraction in Oakville

Untreated Cavities and its Consequences

Untreated cavities can lead to more serious dental and oral issues, such as:

  • Progressed cavities: If the cavities are left untreated, they can penetrate deeper until they reach the tooth’s pulp and nerves. At this stage, there is no possibility to save the tooth except root canal treatment.
  • Infection spread: As the decay progresses, the possibility of infection and its spread to other teeth and gums increases.
  • Abscess formation:  Another result of untreated decay is the formation of abscesses. They appear as painful pockets filled with pus, leading to swelling and discomfort.

To Wrap Up

Maintaining dental health is essential to preventing the advancement of dental cavities and other health problems they might cause. The most practical methods to preventing decay are brushing and flossing regularly, paying attention to a sufficient daily water intake, avoiding sugary foods and beverages, and having a healthy and proper dietary regimen. Getting regular dental check-ups, using fluoride, and quitting smoking are all important for maintaining oral health.

Dental fillings, crowns, and root canals are treatment methods for tooth decay, and each is done based on the patient’s conditions and requirements. Postponing the dental caries treatment leads to more severe problems, including tooth abscess, the spread of infection to adjacent teeth, and the reaching of damage to the pulp. Early detection of dental cavities prevents the development of decay and makes the treatment procedure much easier.

Contact Us

Come to SmilePoint dental clinic and return with the brightest and most impactful smile possible!

Our experienced dental professionals are here to provide comprehensive services with cutting-edge technologies in a warm and friendly place. Say goodbye to your dental anxiety with our caring team. Smile Point Dental is proud to serve as your family dentist in Oakville, offering a wide range of services tailored to patients of all ages. From children to seniors, we’re dedicated to providing gentle and compassionate care for every member of your family.

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